Mbeva K, Pauw WP (2016) Self-differentiation of countries` responsibilities: combating climate change through planned national contributions, discussion paper 4/2016. German Institute for Development/German Institute for Development (DIE), Bonn, Germany Climate Action Tracker (2019) Climate Action Tracker. climateactiontracker.org/countries/. Access 7 July 2019 Rajamani L (2015) Negotiations on the climate agreement 2015: issues related to legal form and nature. Research paper 28. Mitigation Action Plans – Scenarios, Cape Town, South Africa, p. 26 Given that countries streamlined the text for Paris in December, it is imperative that they explicitly acknowledge that human rights commitments apply to the fight against climate change. To ensure effective and safe participation, a comprehensive agreement on climate change must be considered fair by the countries concerned. The Paris Agreement has moved closer to differentiating countries` responsibilities in the fight against climate change by removing the rigid distinction between developed and developing countries, by providing for “subtle differentiation” of certain subgroups of countries (e.B LDCs) on substantive issues (e.g. B climate change financing) and/or for specific procedures (for example.
B calendars and reports). In this article, we analyze whether countries of self-differentiation are compatible with the subtle differentiation of the Paris Agreement in formulating their own climate plans or national contributions (NDC). We find that there is a consistency for mitigation and adaptation, but not for support (climate finance, technology transfer and capacity building). Given that NPNs are the main instrument for achieving the long-term objectives of the Paris Agreement, this inconsistency needs to be addressed so that the next final stages are more ambitious. This article cannot indicate what an ideal “cascade” would look like to adapt to the subtle differentiation of the Paris Agreement, not least because the Paris Agreement does not make it mandatory to transmit information on adaptation in the NDCs. In addition, detailed bases for countries` adaptation efforts and needs would be needed. Although emerging economies have the highest percentage (14%) including measures, plans or strategies for all five sectors (see Figure 2), LDCs and the most appropriate SIDSs. The validity of the results is underlined by similar cascades with regard to the mention of vulnerable sectors and climate risks by the NDCs or the number of countries that incorporate adjustment cost data into their NPNs (see Pauw et al.